Alexandra Tolstaya

Daughter of Leo Tolstoy

Alexandra Tolstaya (Daughter of Leo Tolstoy)

Alexandra Lvovna Tolstaya (1884 –1979). She is also known by her nickname Sasha. Alexandra was the youngest daughter and secretary of the famous Russian novelist Leo Tolstoy. Although Alexandra shared with her father the doctrine of non-violence, she felt obligated to participate in the events of World War I. In 1920, she was imprisoned by “Bolsheviks.” However, the next year, she was assigned a position of the director of the Tolstoy museum in Yasnaya Polyana, Russia. In 1929, Alexandra left Russian and settled in the United States, where she founded the Tolstoy’s Foundation. In later years, she helped many Russian intellectuals (notably Vladimir Nabokov and Sergei Rachmaninoff) to escape Bolshevik persecution and settle down in the US.

Did You Know?

Due to her honourable work and devotion, the Russian government awarded her three St. George Medals and the rank of colonel.

Other interesting facts:

The original purpose of Tolstoy’s Foundation was to help Russian refugees from Eastern Europe and Soviet Union. Later, the foundation played an important role in helping displaced Soviet people, dissidents, and former Soviet citizens to settle in the Western Part of the World. Presently, the main purpose of the foundation is education and training programs worldwide. Tolstoy Foundation has many branches of humanitarian organizations. It has elderly care homes, homes for orphaned children, free cultural institutes, kindergarten and educational institutes.